Need, Samuel

SUBJECT AREA: Textiles
[br]
b. 1718
d. 14 April 1781 Bread Street, Cheapside, London, England
[br]
English manufacturer of hosiery who helped to finance Arkwright's spinning machine and early cotton mills.
[br]
Samuel Need was apprenticed as a framework knitter and entered the hosiery trade c. 1742. He was a Dissenter and later became an Independent Congregationalist. He married Elizabeth Gibson of Hacking, Middlesex, who survived him and died in 1781. He had a warehouse in Nottingham, where he was made a burgess in 1739–40. In 1747 he bought a mill there and had a house adjoining it, but in 1777 he bought an estate at Arnold, outside the city. From about 1759 he supported Jedediah Strutt and William Woollat in their development of Strutt's invention of the rib attachment to the knitting machine. Need became a partner with Strutt in 1762 over the patent and then they shared a joint hosiery business. When Arkwright sought financial assistance from Ichabod and John Wright, the Nottingham bankers, to develop his spinning mill in that town, the Wrights turned him over to Samuel Need. Need, having profited so much from the successful patent with Strutt, was ready to exploit another; on 19 January 1770 Need and Strutt, on payment of £500, became co-partners with Arkwright, Smalley and Thornley for the remainder of Arkwright's patent. In Need, Arkwright had secured the patronage of the leading hosier in Nottingham. Need was leader of the Hosiers' Federation in 1779 when the framework knitters petitioned Parliament to better their conditions. He gave evidence against the workers' demands and, when their bill failed, the Nottingham workers attacked first his Nottingham house and then the one at Arnold.
Need was to remain a partner with Arkwright until his death in 1781. He was involved in die mill at Cromford and also with some later ones, such as the Birkacre mill near Chorley, Lancashire, in 1777. He made a fortune and died at his home in London.
[br]
Further Reading
M.L.Walker, 1963, A History of the Family of Need of Arnold, Nottinghamshire, London (a good biography).
R.S.Fitton, 1989, The Arkwrights, Spinners of Fortune, Manchester (covers Need's relationship with Arkwright).
R.S.Fitton and A.P.Wadsworth, 1958, The Strutts and the Arkwrights, 1758–1830, Manchester.
S.D.Chapman, 1967, The Early Factory Masters, Newton Abbot (describes his wider contacts with the Midlands hosiery industry).
RLH

Biographical history of technology. - Taylor & Francis e-Librar. . 2005.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Samuel Marinus Zwemer — www.zwemercenter.com Born April 12, 1867 Vriesland, Michigan, USA Died April 2, 1952 New York City, New York, USA Ed …   Wikipedia

  • Samuel Ringgold Ward — (October 17, 1817 ndash; c. 1866) was an African American who escaped enslavement to become an abolitionist, newspaper editor and Congregational minister. He was author of the influential book: Autobiography of a Fugitive Negro: his anti slavery… …   Wikipedia

  • Samuel Francis — Samuel Todd Francis (April 29, 1947 ndash;February 15, 2005) was an anti capitalist [Francis, Samuel. Capitalism the Enemy. Chronicles August 2000.] paleoconservative columnist, nationally syndicated in America, known for his racialist views;… …   Wikipedia

  • SAMUEL, BOOK OF — SAMUEL, BOOK OF, the eighth book of the Hebrew Bible and the third in the subdivision known as the Former Prophets. Originally a single unit, the Septuagint and the Vulgate divide the book in two, titling the resulting parts First and Second… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • SAMUEL — (Heb. שְׁמוּאֵל), Israelite judge and prophet who lived in the 11th century B.C.E. His name is very close to that of the ancient Babylonian royal ancestor of Hammurapi, Sūmû la il, and similar in form to other amorite names such as Sūmû Abum,… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • SAMUEL BEN KALONYMUS HE-ḤASID (The Pious) OF SPEYER — SAMUEL BEN KALONYMUS HE ḤASID ( The Pious ) OF SPEYER (12th century), one of the first leaders of the …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Samuel Parr — Born January 26, 1747(1747 01 26) Harrow on the Hill Died March 6, 1825(1825 03 06) (ag …   Wikipedia

  • Samuel Lincoln — (date of birth unknown; baptised in Hingham, Norfolk, England, August 24, 1622, [ [http://books.google.com/books?id=5jlOsSwW85cC pg=PA160 lpg=PA160 dq=%22swanton+morley%22+lincoln+norfolk source=web ots=4jwJ4mFq2m sig=rF5pUF8AWiinJ 3Z4JZWELgEfTM… …   Wikipedia

  • Samuel (Bible) — Samuel (Hebrew: שְׁמוּאֵל, Standard ), Samuel had a high devotion to God, which was mutual. Classical Rabbinical literature adds that he was more than an equal to Moses, God speaking directly to Samuel, rather than Samuel having to attend the… …   Wikipedia

  • Samuel Nunez — Samuel Nunezs (1668–1744) was a Portuguese physician and among the earliest Jews to settle in North America. A few months after their February 1733 arrival from England, an epidemic began claiming the lives of the first 114 colonists of the… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.